Diabetes is a disorder of the metabolism due to hereditary issues or environmental causes. It is a result of an unusually high blood sugar in the body or obesity. Diabetes is brought on by a diminished production of insulin or a diminished response by the body to the insulin present. Both of these conditions lead to hyperglycemia. This in turn can lead to unexplained weight loss, excessive urine production, blurred vision, a lethargic state and changes in one’s overall metabolism. Diabetes has been relatively treatable with insulin, which became available more readily in 1921 but there is still no cure for this disease.
There are two forms of diabetes; Type 1 and Type 2. Type 1 diabetes is treated with an injection of insulin and dietary changes. Type 2 diabetes is treated with dietary changes, tablets and insulin supplementation through a specialized pump that uses a catheter. If diabetes is not treated properly it can cause long-term health issues such as cardiovascular disease, chronic renal failure, retinal damage, impotence, poor wound healing, nerve damage and even amputation of limbs. These chronic complications can be avoided if diabetes is treated properly and lifestyle changes are made. Avoid smoking, excessive amounts of alcohol, maintain a good level of blood pressure and maintain a healthy body weight.
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